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AVN HIP – Causes, symptoms and diagnosis

Avascular Necrosis of the hip or AVN is a term used to describe the condition of having dead bone tissue due to the lack of blood supply. In other words this is also defined as osteonecrosis and can lead to tiny breaks in the bone, resulting in tiny breaks and causing the bones to collapse. It’s a slow process which can take from months to years. And this can also vary from city to city. The cost of the procedure and other expenses will be different of AVN surgery in gurgaon than having the AVN surgery in Satna 

This medical condition can affect anyone but it’s normally seen in individuals in the age range of 30-50. The cause for this medical condition is often associated with either high dosage of steroid medicines over the years or excessive use of alcohol in the body. But apart from these, there can be other medical conditions as well that can be a contributing factor behind this condition. 

  • Radiation therapy
  • Organ transplants
  • Decompression sickness in scuba drivers
  • Diabetes
  • HIV
  • Blood disorder such as sickle cell anemia 

SYMPTOMS OF AVN HIP

  • Joint pain : Pain in the affected joint is often 1 of the early symptoms. The pain initially may start mildly but gradually increases over a period of time.
  • Limited Range of Motion : Avascular Necrosis can cause stiffness and a reduced range of motion. This can affect mobility and cause hindrance in daily activities.
  • Joint Swelling – Swelling around the joint can occur which can result in discomfort in pain.
  • Joint Instability – As we see, the condition progressing, the affected bone, if not treated can collapse which can lead to joint instability and deformity.
  • Crepitus : In some cases, there can often be a grating or crackling sensation when moving the affected joint. 

DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURE : There can be a bunch of tests done to determine thorough medical checkup for the same which can help in treating this cure. 

  • X RAY to look for fracture and arthritic symptoms. 
  • Computed tomography (CT) SCAN
  • Avascular Necrosis MRI hip 
  • Radionuclide Bone scan 
  • Functional evaluation of bone 
  • Biopsy 

TREATMENTS FOR AVASCULAR NECROSIS OF THE HIP (AVN) : Normally before giving treatment to the patient, it becomes important to determine the patient’s age, general health, AVN hip symptoms and the condition of the femoral head play a key role in determining the best course of action for avascular necrosis of AVN treatment

  • NON SURGICAL TREATMENT : Early stage AVN can be treated with non surgical options. While they can alleviate symptoms, they cannot halt AVN progression.
  • HYPERBARIC OXYGEN THERAPY : HBO therapy is a safe and effective choice for individuals with early stage hip AVN. These therapy sessions last 90 minutes with 5 sessions per week.
  • SURGICAL TREATMENT : The purpose of AVN surgery is to at least reduce symptoms, halt the progression and restore functions of the hip joint. 

CONCLUSION : As we have studied and gone through the seriousness of AVN HIP, we now know just how important it is to get an early diagnosis done and get it checked. But to treat such a painful condition, it becomes crucial to find the right doctor with experience and expertise to treat this. And Dr Yagul Karkhur carries a lot of understanding of AVN HIP to detect it in its early stages and cure it before it worsens.

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