What a patient must know about a total knee replacement?
In case your knee is severely damaged by arthritis or an injury, it can be extremely hard for you to perform daily life activities. An individual can also experience pain while lying down or sitting. In a few cases the non-surgical treatments such as walking supports and medications seem to be no longer helpful, in such cases total knee replacement can be considered. A joint-replacement surgery is an effective and safe procedure for pain relief, correcting deformities and help with resuming normal functioning.
A knee replacement surgery was performed for the first time in the year 1968. Since this time, improvements in surgical techniques and materials have greatly improved the effectiveness of a knee replacement surgery in gurgaon. Total knee replacement is the most successful operative procedure in the field of medicine today. The knee is the largest joint in the human body and healthy knees are vital to performing most daily life activities.
The most common cause of a knee disability and chronic pain in the knee is arthritis. Even though there are several types of arthritis, most types of knee pain is caused by post-traumatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Knee replacement also called a knee arthroplasty can also be accurately termed as knee ‘resurfacing’ because only the bone surface is replaced. Also, as a principle the decision of having a knee arthroplasty must be a cooperative one between an orthopedic surgeon, a doctor, the individual and the family of the individual.
The four basic steps of a typical knee replacement procedure include;
The preparation of the bone
Positioning of the metallic implants
Resurfacing the patella
When is a total knee replacement surgery recommended
There are a number of reasons why an orthopedic surgery would be recommended and the people who benefit from a total knee replacement are the individuals with:
Severe stiffness in the knee or knee pain
Moderate to severe knee pain even while resting
Chronic knee swelling or inflammation that does not seem to improve with medications or rest
A deformity in the knee
Failure to improve with treatment options like physical therapy, injections and other form of medications.
The surgical keys to a successful total knee arthroplasty inclusive of a satisfactory exposure, balancing soft tissues, proper alignment for the deformity, and reconstruction of the patellofemoral type joint.
Awareness about a total knee replacement is important for the patients and so is a collaborative discussion and mutual consent between the patient and the Orthopaedic Surgeon in Gurgaon. To know more consult Dr Yugal today!